21 Feb 2017
The colors are not in the light, not in things. In reality, things or objects do not have colors. And although the light is always white, spreading makes it through waves that have the ability to decompose in seven colors: red, Orange, yellow, green, blue, Indigo (dark blue) and violet.
Each color of this spectrum is produced by a length of wave. When natural white light falls on a particular object, this reflects one or a few specific wavelengths and absorbs the rest. Of this way is form them colors, allowing see those objects as if actually had color, but is chessman of an effect physical of reflection or absorption of waves light. For example, those pieses red reflect the red and absorb the rest of the colors. And so with each of the colors. Chessman that do not reflect any color and absorb all are black. Those who reflect all colors are white.
Wavelength long is that which corresponds to red, and from there the lengths decreases, until you reach the violet, which is the color with the shorter wavelength, at their ends will have invisible wavelengths in sight that are ultraviolet and infrared.
Formation of the colors
According to the model subtractive , colors begin to from 3 primary colors: red, blue and yellow. Secondary colours are obtained by the mixing of these colors: Orange, violet and green. Those colors tertiary is obtained by mixing a primary and a secondary in parts equal. All them other colors are considered variations of these twelve colors Basic, already is by combinations among them same or mixed with black or white.
primary, secondary, and pure colors
Them colors primary are those colors pure that not is can get by mixing of any other and starting from which get, together with the white and the black, any other color. The primary colors are: red, blue and yellow.
Them colors side are which is obtained by the mixing of them primary between themselves. The red and blue are purple; the red and the yellow, the Orange; the blue, yellow and green.
Them colors tertiary are which is obtained by mixing in parts equal colors primary and secondary.
Those colors pure are those who integrate the circle chromatic without mixtures with white, black or grey.
Shades of a color obtained with the addition of color white.
Value or intensity
It indicates the degree of brightness of one of the colors in relation to white or black. The type of value or intensity goes off or shaded color-saturated color. While the saturated is the intensity, brilliance or purity of a color, off color is described as "spotted" or "dirty".
The colors neutral are those that include from the white to the black, passing by the grey. It includes all colours with predominance of grey, raw white and shades of Brown, from the creamy to the toasted.
The color is one of the main elements of the decoration. It has the ability to influence the decoration and people, affect the apparent proportions of the space and the mood, and is used to create climates and lifestyles.
The divide between warm and cold colours is achieved by drawing a line in the chromatic circle from yellow-green to the red-violet.
The colors of one of the sides, which contain red and yellow, are the warm, and opposite side, blue and colors that contain that mixture, are cold. The colors green and violet pure are neutral and its grade of temperature depends on of the proportion in that is les add red, yellow or blue.
The warm colours (yellow and red) have a stimulating effect and give the impression that progress, which being carried out surface that contains them. This causes feeling of closeness. They are vital, active and cheerful colors.
On the contrary, the cool colors (blue, green and violet) produce a relaxing effect and an effect of recoil, remoteness, generating a feeling of alienation. They produce an impression of calm and rest, and used alone can give effect of little intimacy with sadness.
In large rooms warm and dark colors help to decrease the space visually. In a predominantly horizontal scheme, warm colours serve to apparently increase the size of the furniture and raising the ceilings.
Those colors cold and the tones clear us allows enlarge the place. A Hall close, for example, acquires aspect of greater width if is painted with a color cold.
Pure red is the most vital color, associated with intense and exciting action. Used pure may be some violent, so it should be used sparingly, in details or small areas. The range of Red - embroidered, Vermillion, magenta, etc., you can say the same. Red lowered with white, in tones more cakes, on the other hand can produce comfort and warmth.
Pure orange is also a color associated with vitality, because it includes a mixture of red and yellow. As exciting as the red, also should be used with restraint and respect, avoiding large spaces. Always is much better to use combinations of Orange less strong, salmon, etc.
Yellow evokes strength and will. It is exciting and has its most appropriate place in rooms with little natural light.
The cold colors
It is the coldest color. Express calmness, stillness and rest. As the sedative is useful for working areas and rooms. Mixed with green or violet, it reduces its austerity and coldness. In very lighted rooms, it is not appropriate to use it, as it absorbs light and subtract light.
Purple is a color which produces sadness. It is the religious, Mystic color par excellence. Is a color indifferent and distant, capable of evoking the idea of mystery. As the color of a wave length more short, express silent and sad depth. Increasing its proportion of Red becomes more vital and active. Increasing the blue, it emphasizes his coldness and detachment. The nuances lilac and lavender are a female profile.
As a color combination of blue and yellow, two colors of opposite characteristics, we could say that it is a balanced color that expresses quiet, vegetation, freshness. Pure green is a neutral color, which can be more cold increase the amount of blue or warmer to increasing the participation of yellow. The most exciting, of course, are the verdes-amarillos. In the joint is better use it in tones cake, and pure only for details.
Therefore when choosing the color of our awning we will have to take into account the thermal sensation you get. Some cool colors will make the feeling more fresh that is much appreciated in the summer, but that will not be so much in winter. Terrace will be used both in winter and in summer it is advisable to neutral colors.